A Comprehensive Guide to Performing Systematic Literature Review...

With growing importance of research, huge amount of studies, often with conflicting findings are being published every year. The difference in the findings may occur due to sample variation or any other flaws. In such situations, identifying the most reliable results can be confusing. Literature reviews are performed with varying standards, ranging from annotated bibliography to rigorously synthesising scientific body of research. One such rigorous approach is systematic literature review (SLR).  read...

An introduction to Data Mining & its Applications in Bioinformatics...

With the increasing importance of bioinformatics in agriculture, molecular medicine, microbial genome applications, etc. the research in this field has gained momentum than ever before. Bioinformatics, also known as computational biology, deals with interpreting biological data by using computer science and information technology. Of lately, research in bioinformatics has produced vast amounts of data and will continue to generate proteomic, genomic, etc. data. To analyze and gain deep insights into such biological data necessitates making sense of the information by inferring the data. For instance, gene classification, protein structure prediction, clustering of gene expression data, protein-protein interactions, etc. These processes, in turn, increases the need for interaction between bioinformatics and data mining.   read...

Spoiler Alert Ahead: 6 Great Steps for Conducting Factor Analysis using SPSS...

Statistics, a scientific approach to investigating statistical data, is employed to determine associations among the phenomena to define, predict and control their occurrence. To successfully perform statistical tests, it is a must to identify the underlying factors or variables under study. This is when the factor analysis comes into the picture.   Factor analysis, known as a dimension reduction technique, helps to reduce the dimension creating new factors from the old ones by checking the correlations and eigenvalue.  read...

One-Way MANOVA Test: How to Assess If Mean Differences Exist Between the Samples Using SPSS?...

It is extended version an ANOVA with two or more dependent variables. ANOVA test is used for evaluating the difference in means between two or more related groups, while a MANOVA test is used for evaluating the difference in two or more vectors of factors.  ASSUMPTIONS: All the observations should be statistically independent. We should have an adequate sample size. As a larger sample size, the better it is. We should be having more cases than the number of variables in each group. In ANOVA, the Dependent variables are normally distributed within the group. whereas in MANOVA,the Dependent variables have multivariate normality within the groups. There are no univariate or multivariate outliers. Univariate outliers are often just called outliers.In one-way MANOVA, we see how to:         (1) detect univariate outliers using box plots using SPSS statistics in order to check outliers         (2) check for multivariate outliers using Mahalanobis distance, which we can do in SPSS  read...

Spoiler Alert! Know the key secrets to outstanding oral research presentation at conferences...

Writing, submitting and defending your research paper are the biggest challenges you have to overcome to accomplish your PhD degree. However, merely presenting your research in front of your peers or your internal review committee wouldn’t add much value to your academic career. To be recognised as a professional researcher and to showcase your study, you must present your paper in academic conferences or seminars. read...

Top 4 Plagiarism Removal Tools used in Academic Research...

Writing a thesis without falling into the plagiarism trap is difficult, if not impossible. Sometimes, you may end up stating some information from the sources without providing the proper citations or citing them in the wrong style. While, at other times, you might be clueless that the stated idea has already been published before. Plagiarism can thus, be intentional as well as unintentional. Why plagiarism matter? read...

How to Effectively Search Relevant Literature with Keywords...

When it comes to carrying out research for a literature review, PhD scholars are hit by a mind-boggling question – which keywords should be inserted in the search bar? You should be capable of scooping out all relevant published research papers while writing a literature review, but that becomes feasible only with the correct choice of keywords. Here are the tips that can help you with conducting top-notch research. read...
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